Mount Vernon. Photo Credit: Ad Meskens (Own work) via Wikimedia Commons
Jennifer Tyburczy’s brilliant observation that all museums “have played an important but often overlooked role in the institutionalization of categories of sexual ‘normalcy’ and ‘perversity’” can also be applied to house museums and historic sites. House museums, as sites for interpreting private lives, are engaged in complex ways with presentations of sex and sexuality. The most famous and oft-visited house museums in the United States are George Washington’s plantation Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson’s mountain-top plantation, Monticello. Mount Vernon receives one million visitors each year and Monticello some 500,000. Monticello and Mount Vernon serve as case studies to illustrate the physical and inter-personal ways in which house museums convey information about the Founders’ personal lives. Continue reading
Participation via social media was extra fun with the “album wall” during the music-themed aMUSE in August 2013. Photo credit: St. Catharines Museum
Like many community museums, we’ve had a difficult time encouraging and maintaining a young adult audience. We know that members of generation Y love information, history, museums, and artifacts. We also know that members of generation Y sometimes like to focus more on presentation style, technology, and media than on content. We know that they love an immersive, cultured experience. We also know that they love free stuff. So why has it been such a struggle to get this demographic through the front doors of the museum? Continue reading
At a summer 2013 tour to historic sites around Boston, participants explored questions about gender, sexuality, and interpretation (and did a little gender-bending at the USS Constitution Museum). Photo credit: Cathy Stanton
On a summer 2013 study trip to historic sites in and around Boston hosted by the Pew Center for Arts & Heritage in Philadelphia, participants were struck by the wide variety of ways they saw gender and sexuality interpreted–or in some cases, not interpreted at all. As Cathy Stanton asked in her August 9 History@Work post, “Where is the next generation of gender studies in public history?” and “Is there a new interpretive landscape beginning to take shape now that we’ve made gender a more central part of public historical inquiry?”
In the wake of the trip, staff from the Pew Center–particularly Bill Adair and Laura Koloski –wanted to keep that conversation going. Together with Cathy Stanton, they reached out to Leslie Guy of the African American Museum in Philadelphia, and to me as a women’s and public historian, and we’ll be hosting that discussion at a session at the upcoming National Council on Public History meeting in Monterey, California. Continue reading
Norkunas’s 1993 book was an early contribution to the literature focusing on silence, history, and power.
When I was researching the The Politics of Public Memory: Tourism, History, and Ethnicity in Monterey, California (State University of New York Press, 1993) in the late 1980s, I was deeply affected by the disparity between the haves and have-nots in Monterey. Nearly every day I saw Jaguars, BMWs, and Mercedes on the streets, and from time to time I saw a Rolls Royce. Pebble Beach and Carmel (and the then-mayor of Carmel, Clint Eastwood) joined with Monterey to create an atmosphere of wealth: old wealth, new wealth, and the wealth of those who knew great places in the world.
Where, I wondered, did the workers live? How could they afford an apartment anywhere near their places of work? Who lived in Monterey? Who once lived there? I could see that many of the workers were of Mexican or Latin American heritage. I knew there had once been a significant Chinese population on the peninsula, that Native peoples lived there, that African Americans lived in the area, and that there were other ethnic and cultural groups in the past and present. Continue reading
Julia Child’s kitchen is part of the “FOOD: Transforming the American Table 1950-2000″ exhibit at the National Museum of American History. Photo credit: National Museum of American History
As part of its ongoing efforts to highlight the diversity of career opportunities for historians, the American Historical Association has organized an offsite workshop at the National Museum of American History during its conference this week. The workshop offers a chance to hear from leaders from some of the foremost history museums in the United States. The event will take place on Friday, January 3, 2014, from 10:30 a.m.–4:30 p.m. in the museum’s Warner Bros. Theater.
Attendees are welcome to attend one or both of the panels. At History Museum Directors on the Past, Present, and Future of History Museums: A Roundtable Discussion, John Gray (Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History), Joan Marshall (Bullock Texas State History Museum), Lonnie Bunch (Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture), Kevin Gover (Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian) and Louise Mirrer (New-York Historical Society) will discuss the state of the field and the historian’s role in museums. At Historians and the Work of History Museums: A Roundtable Discussion, historians employed at history museums will discuss the work they do and the ways in which their doctoral training prepared them (and failed to prepare them) for their museum careers.
Between the two sessions, curators will lead tours of the following NMAH exhibits:
Space on each tour is limited; advance registration is strongly encouraged. To register, email email@example.com with your name, affiliation, and the name of the tour you are interested in.
Tour groups will meet at the Constitution Avenue Visitors Welcome Desk on the first floor of the museum at 1:10 p.m.
For other public-history-focused sessions at AHA, including several sponsored by the National Council on Public History, click here. The full AHA program can be found online here.
~ Debbie Anne Doyle is Coordinator of Committees & Meetings for the American Historical Association.
Continued from Part 1 and Part 2.
A Nash Motor Home, one of the artifacts “read” in the RASI class. Photo credit: Canada Science and Technology Museum, Nash Motor Car Company, 1983.0258, 2012
On the final day of Reading Artifacts Summer Institute (RASI), each group was required to present its artifact to an audience of other participants, museum staff, and volunteers. Throughout the morning, artifacts that had initially seemed ambiguous and daunting at the start of the week were slowly separated into layers of meaning and their hidden histories were recounted. A small piano was revealed to be a portable ecclesiastical device used in religious sermons; a Gestetner printing press was exposed as a post-war business venture for a Japanese immigrant; a cannon-shaped lens viewer proved to be one of the first novelty cameras; a radiography device turned out to be one of the earliest home service x-ray machines; and a Nash Motor Home was an intact summer retreat, complete with additions such as a wooden arm that came down to signal a turn.
In our presentations, we were challenged to consider various methods suitable for presenting research on artifacts, from traditional slide show presentations to performances. Continue reading
Kentucky Derby Museum’s Web page.
The Kentucky Derby Museum, a non-profit organization located in Louisville, Kentucky, announces the opening of its Colonel Clark Library. With collections dating back to the mid-19th century, the Colonel Clark Library is an outstanding resource for historians, especially those interested in agricultural, sporting, and local history. The centerpiece of the Colonel Clark Library is the collection of Jim Bolus, long-time sports writer, historian, and renowned expert on the Kentucky Derby. The Bolus Collection consists of thousands of research files, printed materials, and recorded interviews covering the sport of Thoroughbred racing from 1875 to 1995. The Library also houses primary documents on the history of Churchill Downs, home of the Kentucky Derby since its inaugural running in 1875, and approximately 3,000 published volumes which include noted Thoroughbred industry publications such as The Blood-Horse, Thoroughbred Times, and the Daily Racing Form.
The Colonel Clark Library is open to the public on Tuesdays during the Museum’s normal operating hours and also by appointment. Access to the Library is free of charge. For general information on the Kentucky Derby Museum click here. To search the library holdings click here. For phone and email inquiries, contact Chris Goodlett at 502-637-1111, ext. 259 or by email.
The brochure that accompanied the mystery stove. (Source: Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation, No. L11201)
Read Part I of this series here.
On the second day of the Reading Artifacts Summer Institute (RASI), we received the artifact accession files. Although our physical examination of the stove had proven effective, artifacts need some help to speak. Material cultural historians have shown the benefits of (re)connecting objects to their historical contexts by undertaking a process of “thick description,” combining the use of written sources with material ones. We eagerly anticipated what the accession file could tell us about the stove’s origins, manufacture, and targeted audience. Continue reading
The authors chose this enigmatic little stove for their week-long exploration. (Source: Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation, No. 1981.0040)
In August 2012, a group of 26 doctoral students and museum professionals from different disciplines and multiple countries gathered at the Canada Science and Technology Museum (CSTM) in Ottawa, Canada, for the fourth annual Reading Artifacts Summer Institute (RASI). The one-week program, guided by staff and volunteers from the museum with guest scholar Dr. Allison Marsh, a historian of technology from the University of South Carolina, offered participants three avenues to investigate the role of artifacts in society:
- as historical sources with multiple cultural meanings that shift over time,
- as teaching tools in museum environments, and
- as three-dimensional objects whose preservation and storage present additional information–and challenges–to the work of curators, conservators, historians, and educators.
In the CSTM’s cavern-like storage warehouses, where artifacts range from delicate light bulbs to a massive mid-nineteenth-century steam engine, it became immediately apparent how much effort–intellectual, physical, and fiscal–is needed to maintain collections. This is not a new story for the curatorial world, but, in the midst of the Digital Revolution, where more and more objects, people, and places exist as digital representations and relationships, the week offered an opportunity to rethink how and in what ways our work with artifacts contributes to the construction of meaning in a pluralistic society. Continue reading
Read Part I of this series here.
The first big step in the Philadelphia Museum of Art’s re-installation process was to conduct visitor research. How do visitors feel about the current South Asian galleries? What do they already know about the area’s religions, geography, cultures, etc.? What do they want to know? What do they find difficult or overwhelming? Which objects do they seem to be drawn to and why? These questions to laid the groundwork for the re-installation, and we set out to find the answers in a number of different ways. Continue reading